Pistachios (Pista)

Iranians call the pistachio “Green Gold” because of its intense flavor and cultural popularity. Iranian pistachio producers provide a wide variety of premium pistachios which are handpicked to ensure the highest quality. They take pride in their broad range of pistachios, which enables them to offer our customers a product that will fit their terms and requirements perfectly, whatever they may be.

As well as shelled pistachios, they provide pistachio kernels too. Kernels went through a shelling process, which means they aren’t offered in a shell at the end of the production process. Among these nuts range, there are Green Peeled Kernels. This type of pistachio kernel is categorized as fresh and raw pistachio as it’s collected one to two months before the more conventional-looking natural pistachios. Green Peeled Kernels experience a long process to release the kernel from the shell and peel.

Usually, the pistachio varieties are classified according to their place of origin or culture. Each country has its own selections, whose main differences are the colour, flavour, size, period of harvesting and qualities.

Some of the most frequent cultivars in Iran, the main producing country, are Mirhavy, Momtaz, Owhadi, Safeed, Wahedi, Sefideh-Montaz, Imperiale de Dameghan, Ravzine, Bademi and many others as female cultivars. As masculine cultivars they use the native ones coming from the seed.

The most important cultivars in Syria are Achouri, Batouri, Alemi, and Lazouardi. In Turkey "Uzun", "kirmizi", " Halebí, "Abiad miwahi", " the Jalalé, " Aintaby" and " Ayimi. In Turkestan "Kouchka", " Akart-Tachecmé " and " Chor-Tchéchimé ".

A selection of plants coming from seeds in the Kerman area (Iran), was introduced in the United States in 1957 for its commercial use, being the female cultivar Kerman the most extended in California and very appreciated anywhere in the world; the male cultivar standard is Peter. Other varieties cultivated in the U.S.A. are Joley, Red Aleppo, Bronte, Lassen, Trabonella and Aleppo.

In Greece, the pistachio nut varieties Lárnaca, Aegina and Pontikis are produced.

Some varieties of pistachios

" Kerman"
Pistachio nut of great size and good quality. Selected in Iran, it was introduced in the U.S.A. and it is also cultivated in Spain (in Castilla-La Mancha) where the fruit ripens during the first fortnight of September.

" Peter"
It is used as a male cultivar with Kerman it has a good polen production and they partly coincide during the flowering period. Selected in California.

" Uzun"
Pistachio nut of average size, long and clear green. It is cultivated in Turkey.

" Kirmizi ‘
Pistachio nut of average size and reddish colour. Along with the cultivar Uzum, it is the most cultivated variety in Turkey.

" Abiad miwahi ‘
Pistachio nut of average size, white colour and excellent quality. Cultivated in Turkey.

" Achouri ‘
Pistachio nut of average size, red colour, excellent quality and very productive. Cultivated in Syria.

" Batouri ‘
Thick fruit of whitish colour and good quality. Important cultivar in Syria.

" Sefideh-Montaz" and " Imperiale de Dameghan"
The fruit of these varieties is round, thick and yellowish. Very appreciated in Iran.

" Kouchka ‘
Quite thick pistachio, cream white colour and good quality.

" Mateur"
Long fruit, average size, yellow greenish colour and good taste quality. It was selected in Tunis and it gives good results in Spain. In Castilla-La Mancha it ripens at the end of August.

" Larnaka ‘
Average size pistachio, less long than ‘Mateur ". Original from Cyprus. It is cultivated in Greece and in Spain, giving good results.

" Aegina ‘
Medium size fruit, long and similar to " Mateur ". It comes from Greece and it also gives good results in Spain.

Health Benefits of Pistachios

Pistas are also high in beta-carotene and the compound oleanolic acid, both which are potent anti-inflammatory compounds, and phytosterols, a type of anti-inflammatory plant hormone associated with improved immune function.

1. Heart-Friendly

Consuming pistachios in moderation may help in promoting heart health. Dr. Rupali shares that pistachios are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids that help reduce high blood pressure. It also contains phytosterols that reduces the absorption of dietary cholesterol from different foods, further keeping the heart healthy. So, if you wish to keep your heart safe, make sure you have a handful of nuts, which also consists of pistachios. 

2. May Help in Weight Loss
 
Pistachios are high on fiber that keeps you full for longer, further preventing over-eating. The fiber present in them also helps in boosting your metabolism. Moreover, the monounsaturated fats present in pistachios are soluble in nature and hence help in preventing weight gain. Pistas are also considered as low calorie snacks, so you can enjoy them whenever you feel hungry, so you know that you are not packing up calories. 

3. Promotes Healthy Gut

Pistachios contain high amounts of dietary fiber that helps in strengthening the digestive system. Various studies including one that was conducted in the University of Florida suggest that pistachios are good for the gut bacteria and further help in boosting good gut bacteria. Pistas are a great source of healthy fats, proteins, fibre and antioxidants that make them a great food for your gut. 

4. Rich in Antioxidants

Pistachios have numerous antioxidants that help in protecting the body from oxidative stress and causing further damage. The presence of antioxidants like vitamin C and vitamin E safeguard the body from free radicals that cause damage in the body. The antioxidants help fight cell damaging free radicals in the body that are responsible for causing premature ageing. 

5. Promotes Eye Health

The high amount of vitamin E present in the pistachios helps in promoting eye health and also in improving your vision. It also contains carotenoids that protect the eyes from macular degeneration and cataract. Pistas also contain lutein and zeaxanthin, both of which are great antioxidants for the eyes. They protect the eyes from sun-damage and other lights. 

6. Boosts the Immune System

Dailty consume of pistachios can help in keeping your immunity levels up. It has high amounts of vitamin B6 which is vital for the immune system to function properly. It also contains antioxidants that may help keep infections at bay; this is done by boosting immunity. 

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