Anjeer - Fig

Figs are the fruit of the ficus tree, which is part of the mulberry family (Moraceae). Figs have a unique, sweet taste, soft and chewy texture and are littered with slightly crunchy, edible seeds. Fresh figs are delicate and perishable, so are often dried to preserve them. This produces a sweet and nutritious dried fruit that can be enjoyed all year round. There are multiple varieties of fig, all of which vary widely in colour and texture.  Their natural sweetness meant that, before the days of refined sugars, they were often used as a sweetener. 

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One of the world’s oldest trees, the fig tree can be traced back to the earliest historical documents and features prominently in the Bible. Figs are native to the Middle East and Mediterranean and were held in such high regard by the Greeks that laws were once created to prevent their export. 

According to some researchers, it was this fruit that was plucked by Eve and not an apple. Well, the fruit we are talking about is ‘Fig’. In the holy book of Islam, Fig (Anjeer) is mentioned as ‘The Fruit of Heaven’, which belongs to the mulberry family. This fruit has numerous benefits and quite a few varieties which are mentioned below.

There are five common varieties of figs that include Black Mission, Kadota, Calimyrna, Brown Turkey and Adriatic. They might differ in flavour and sweetness but have similar health benefits.

 In India, we find Poona and Dinkar having commercial importance

Fig is a moderately important fruit crop with an annual estimated global production of one million tons of fruit of which about 30% is produced by Turkey. The other major producers are Egypt, Morocco, Greece, California, Italy, Algeria, Syria and Tunisia.  In India, fig is considered to be a minor fruit crop and the commercial cultivation of common (edible) fig is mostly confined to Western Parts of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow & Saharanpur) Karnataka (Bellary, Chitradurga & Srirangapatna) and Tamilnadu (Coimbatore).

Dried figs will keep for much longer. When purchasing dried figs, you want to ensure that they are free from mould and are soft. Dried figs can be kept in a cool, dark place or in the fridge

Figs can be consumed either peeled or unpeeled, depending on the thickness of the skin as well as personal preference. Since the insides of ripe figs are rather soft and sticky they can be difficult to chop.

How to select a Anjeer ?

Color differs with variety, but healthy figs have a rich color. Mission figs will be nearly black. Look for plump shapely figs with unbruised, unbroken skins and mild fragrance. Sour smelling figs mean they are spoiled. Ripe figs should be soft to the touch but not mushy. If figs are shriveled like they are beginning to dry, they will be particularly sweet. Size is not an indication of quality. When buying packages of dried figs, check for unbroken wrapping. The figs should be able to be gently squeezed through the package. Watch out for moldy or sour smelling figs.

Health Benfits :

1. Figs for Acne and Blemishes:

Anjeer helps cure minor zits and pimples. Apply mashed figs all over your face and let it dry for 15-20 minutes. This remedy is useful to cure acne. This helps blister get dried and leaves no scar behind. Fig is also used for beauty purpose when blended with milk. It helps remove blemishes and spots.  Applying fig paste over the face helps tighten the pores and control excess sebum secretion, while keeping skin pores unclogged.

2. Anjeer to Cure Constipation:

Anjeer is a natural laxative that helps prevent constipation and other digestive problems such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). Soak 2-3 dried fig in water and leave them overnight. Consume them in the morning and do this daily for a month, every morning, to relieve constipation.

3. For Heart Disease and Kidney Stones :

Dried Figs are loaded with antioxidants. Anjeer, like tomatoes, cleanses our blood. It is rich in vitamin E and vitamin C, thus, it acts as an antioxidant in our bodies. According to a study, dried figs have high quality of antioxidants that play a vital role in eliminating free radicals, while preventing heart disease and kidney stones. Boil 6 figs in a cup of water. Consume this daily up to a month.

4. Anjeer Strengthen Bones:

Anjeer contains phosphorus, vitamin D and calcium that help strengthen bones. In Pakistan, most of the women after the age of fifty experience osteoporosis and back pain. One dried fig gives you 3 percent calcium of your daily calcium requirement. Eat Anjeer to reduce the risk of osteoporosis, prevent the thinning of bones and loss of calcium from your body.

5. Figs for Breast Cancer:

Breast cancer has recently become common in women, especially after menopause. Anjeer is high in fiber, thus, it helps prevent breast cancer and is beneficial for women of all ages. Eating Figs regularly can help reduce the risk of breast cancer. Free radicals are the major factors behind the development of cancer. However, figs provide its wealth of fiber, and help get rid of free radicals.

6. Promotes Weight loss:

The fiber content in Anjeer helps lose weight in the obese people. But don’t overdo it. Consuming more than recommended may cause you to gain weight. One slice of dried fig gives you 47 calories, and you obtain 2 grams of total fat per dried fig. So, whoever wants to lose weight, shed pounds with Fig.

 

7. Improves Sexual Health:

Figs may help boost fertility and reproductive health. They are rich in minerals such as zinc, manganese and magnesium, which play a vital role in improving sexual health. Moreover, they are also used to overcome sexual weakness. Soak 4-5 figs in milk overnight and eat in the morning.

 

8. Cures Hypertension:

Angeer is one of the low sodium foods, hence, are a perfect food to keep the effects of hypertension at bay. Making figs a relaxing food can help relax the nerves and bring some calmness to your day and peace to mind.

 

9. Soothe Sore Throat:

The soothing nature of Anjeer and its natural juice can help relieve throat pain. Anjeer is quite useful in treating various respiratory disorders such as whooping cough and also lessen the symptoms of asthma. Mix dried fig and honey in water to get rid of sore throat.

10. Eye Care with Anjeer:

Anjeer contains vitamin A that helps improve eye vision and reduce the risk for macular degeneration. Consume 3-4 dried figs on a daily basis and decrease your risk of age-related vision loss. Figs are also helpful in getting rid of dark circles under the eyes, also removing wrinkles and fine lines.

11. Good for Diabetic Patients :

Anjeer is a healthy snack option for diabetic patients. It contains significant amount of potassium and magnesium that help stabilize the release of insulin in our body and control blood sugar levels.

12. Cure iron-deficiency with Figs:

Dried Anjeer is rich in iron that helps increase the amount of hemoglobin in our body. Therefore, eating figs is a natural way to increase your hemoglobin levels by raising the levels of iron in your body.

Dry figs help clear mucus from bronchial tubes and are therefore a valuable food remedy for asthma. Phlegmatic cases of cough and asthma can be treated with success. It gives comfort to the patient by draining off the phlegm.

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Iranian Anjeer

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Afgani Anjeer